Adam Smith and Karl Marx disagreed about almost everything. The invisible hand of the market versus public ownership of the means of production, the free exchange of goods and labor versus dictatorship of the proletariat. It would be difficult to think of a wider philosophic gap than the chasm that separated their thinking.
But they agreed on at least one thing: The risk that constant repetition of mundane tasks common to old-style manufacturing could lead to deep worker alienation and intellectual stultification. The human need for constant mental stimulation that they both recognized is…

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