The first Iranian shah was crowned in 1796. Agha Mohammad Kahn, a leader of the Turkmen Qajar tribe of Azerbaijan, had unified the former Persia setting his capital in the small village of Tehran near the ancient Persian city of Ray, now Shahr-e Rey. He was assassinated the very next year.
Throughout the 1800s, the reign of the Qajar dynasty was characterized as cushioning the imperial forces of Tsarist Russia against those of British India. Modern Iran would not truly be born until 1901. That was the year when the British-owned Anglo-Persian Oil Company obtained exclusive rights to…

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